The first settlements dating to b c e 7000
Intellectual pursuits were highly valued across Mesopotamia, and the schools (devoted primarily to the priestly class) were said to be as numerous as temples and taught reading, writing, religion, law, medicine, and astrology.
There were over 1,000 deities in the pantheon of the gods of the Mesopotamian cultures and many stories concerning the gods (among them, the creation myth, the Enuma Elish).
"CE" found in this web site refers to the other meaning, the "Common Era." This meaning for "CE" is a synonym for "AD." The latter is an abbreviation for "Anno Domini" in Latin or "the year of the Lord" in English. BCE stands for "Before the common era." BC means "Before Christ," or "Before the Messiah." Both measure the number of years before the approximate birthday of Yeshua/Jesus.
Both measure the number of years since the approximate birthday of Yeshua of Nazareth (a.k.a. Designation of a particular year in BC and BCE also have identical values.
Unlike the more unified civilizations of Egypt or Greece, Mesopotamia was a collection of varied cultures whose only real bonds were their script, their gods, and their attitude toward women.
The birth of Jesus is known approximately relative to his cousin John's birth.The beginning of the world, they believed, was a victory by the gods over the forces of chaos but, even though the gods had won, this did not mean chaos could not come again.Through daily rituals, attention to the deities, proper funeral practices, and simple civic duty, the people of Mesopotamia felt they helped maintain balance in the world and kept the forces of chaos and destruction at bay.There were people living in caves in Asia near the Caspian Sea and in much of Europe, to name just a couple continents.For instance, the Azilian people occupied northern Spain and Southern France.