Oxidating flame

When the beetle becomes threatened, it releases the hydrogen peroxide and hydroquinones into a special reaction chamber where secreted enzymes quickly break down the hydrogen peroxide and release free oxygen molecules that oxidate the hydroquinones. A chemical reaction that makes enough heat to bring the entire mixture nearly to boiling.

This extremely heated mixture is then explosively sprayed on the beetle's attacker. Like the bombardier beetle's defense mechanism, a dragon's fire proves useful in a variety of situations.

Presence of paper or other combustibles in an electric kiln at glowing red heat is not recommended.

By the time the kiln temperature reaches (1000C 1850F or so) internal paper pulp fiber has been absent for hours, having exited the clay at F451/C253 degrees and can't, therefore, cause reduction, nor a superheated gas just explained.

When in doubt lower the finish temperature a cone or two and/or dont soak the kiln at maximum heat either.

Beware hot spots that the computer sensors do not account for or show you.

See examples dipping one fire greenware bowls in the pottery section Fire paperclay as normal to any temperature the base clay is compatible with.

Paperclays dont require bisque but if they are bisque fired then, bisque at least to cone to 04 or even 03- not so called cone 08 temprature some use. Bisque ware of of stoneware and porcelain paperclays that are low bisque underfired can be fragile.

Some report that porcelain body reduced celedons shift in color slightly.

Most porcelains, paperclay or not, need real care not to overfire.

They need just as much care in firing, and placement in the kiln as non paperclay porcelains.

Ultra hot smoke (from incomplete combustion reducing atmosphere) will corrode electric wireheating elements over time and shorten thier life.

Also radical temperature changes will stress heating elements- which is why most do not raku with electric kilns.

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